Native Information on Tribal status
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A state recognized tribe is a historical tribe that has had aboriginal land and or reservation land in a state. The tribe or band may have historical treaties with the English Colonies or the Federal Government. Some states have had continued contact with tribes since there inception. The Wampanoags for instance have treaties dating back to the 1600's. The MA Maritimes Treaty of 1725 signed in Boston MA ensured land, hunting, fishing and interstate commerce for the New England Indians. Some states have formal processes for state tribes.
Indian tribes and bands pre-dated the BIA. Tribes were here before the Bureau of Indian Affairs, Tribes resided all over pre-colonial america. England and the United States struck treaties with tribes because they recognized them as inhabitants of there aboriginal lands. Federal recognition was in the form of a treaty. The U.S. constitution ratifies that only congress has the authority to deal with indian tribes. If a tribe has a treaty and congress has not dissolved the tribe, the tribe is still a valid entity. The Tribe that claims federal recognition by the BIA is recognized to recieve BIA programs. State recognized indian tribes are still bonified tribes because the state either recognized there historical presence or treaties. Many state tribes have hunting and fishing right's by treaty.
The Ma Maritimes Treaty of 1725 ensures Hunting, Fishing and Native land rights. It was signed in Boston MA